Fascism vs Progressivism

Fascism

The American left loves to call President Trump, and by extension any Trump supporter, fascists. They use the fallacy that both fascism and Nazism are right wing ideologies as the foundation for their charges. Fascist leftist organizations like Antifa even have the gall to claim that they stand against it, and are the judges of who is and isn’t a fascist.

Take for instance the below Google Dictionary definition of fascism, which as we will see, is totally biased and inaccurate as it labels fascism “a far right movement”:

“Noun/faSHizem/

An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization,

An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization
(in general use) Extreme right-wing, authoritarian, or intolerant views or practice”6

The evolution of fascism is the key to understanding where on the ideological spectrum it truly falls. Fascism sprang from Marxism and socialism, and fascists then competed for followers against communists from the same pool of radicals. Fascists evolved from Marxists and radical socialists who concluded that Marxism was a failed philosophy. They

Saw fascism as the way to save socialism. Marx was wrong, workers were not rising up on their own (workers in Germany and England were doing well, and seemed happy), they needed to be organized and pushed into revolution.”5

Fascists were the organizers who stirred revolution in contests with communists. As part of that struggle, communists claimed that fascism was right wing in order to discredit it, but the truth is that fascism is a totalitarian, authoritarian, left wing radical ideology, and the antithesis of anything right wing.

Definitions of Fascism:

1. “Fascism is a religion of the state.”
– It assumes the organic unity of the body politic
– It longs for a national leader attuned to the will of the people
– It is totalitarian in that it views everything as political
— Any action by the state is justified to achieve the common good
— It takes responsibility for all aspects of life, including:
—- Citizens health
—- Citizens well-being
—- Seeks to impose uniformity of thought and action (by force or through regulation
and social pressure)
– Everything, including economy and religion must be aligned with its objectives
Any rival identity is part of the “problem” and therefore defined as the enemy1

2. State-run capitalism.2

3a. a political philosophy, movement, or regime (such as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition
3b. a tendency toward or actual exercise of strong autocratic or dictatorial control”6

 

Fascism’s Ideological Evolution:

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 2 July 1778): “The Father of Modern Fascism” Conceived of the “Theory of the general will” which formed the intellectual foundation for all modern totalitarianisms.

“Individuals who live in accordance with the general will are “free” and “virtuous” while those who defy it are criminals, fools, or heretics.” He “Sanctified the sovereign will of the masses while dismissing the mechanisms of democracy as corrupting and profane.”1

Maximilian Robespierre (6 May 1758 28 July 1794): A student of Rousseau, and a leading figure in the French Revolution (which became a template for totalitarianism).

The French Revolution was:

  1. “A nationalist-populist uprising
  2. Led and manipulated by an intellectual vanguard
  3. Determined to replace Christianity with a political religion that glorified “the people”
  4. That anointed the revolutionary vanguard as their priests
  5. And abridged the rights of individuals.”1

Benito Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945): Ideological contributions (Key elements from his 7 volumes of Marxist/socialist theory).

  1. “Everything in the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state.”
  2. Believed “totalitarian” as a positive term, actually coined it: “the state took care of everything and looked after everyone.”
  3. Sought an Italy where state maintained complete control over all aspects of the lives of Italians.
  4. “Everything was “fair game” if it furthered the ends of the state.”
  5. “Demanded that party members (Italian Socialism) renounce religious marriage, baptism, and all other Christian rituals.”
  6. Tapped into the “religious fervor” of the French Revolutionary model, the state is the religion, and Mussolini was the Italian state.
  7. Fascism is definitely and absolutely opposed to the doctrines of liberalism (Classic Liberalism i.e. Conservatism) both in the political and economic sphere.”4

There were countless other political philosophers, strategists, writers, agitators, organizers, etc. who contributed to building fascism, yet they all had one thing in common:

“All of the leading figures in the founding of fascism were men of the Left.”3

Italian Philosopher Giovani Gentile

Giovani Gentile: "The Karl Marx of Fascism"
Giovani Gentile: "The Karl Marx of Fascism"

Giovanni Gentile (30 May 1875 -15 April 1944): “The Karl Marx of Fascism”. His main philosophical contributions.3

  1. “Man is naturally at home in community, in society.” He was a communitarian.
  2. He despised classical liberal democracy (i.e. capitalist democracy; the democracy of America’s founding); Promoted “true democracy” in which individuals willingly subordinate themselves to society and to the state.”

A slogan from Obama’s 2012 Democratic Convention: “Governments the only thing that we all belong to.” fits perfectly with Gentile’s teachings.

3. Leaders and organizers are needed to direct and channel the will of the people, who are too slothful and inert by themselves.

4. Society and the state are one and the same. As such the state is unaccountable (above) to the citizens. “Morality and religion…must be subordinated to the laws of the State.

5. The government should teach, through the schools to advance it’s values and priorities. Statism and collectivism defines fascism and Nazism.

The above elements of fascism share significant traits with American progressivism, which some call “American Fascism”. The most significant, “Everything in the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state”, can’t possibly be confused with the conservative principle elevating God Given liberty and individualism above the state.

Herbert Croley: American Progressive/Liberal Philosopher And Strategist
Herbert Croley: American Progressive/Liberal Philosopher And Strategist

Herbert Croly (January 23, 1869 – May 17, 1930): One of the most influential American Progressive/Liberal authors. He literally wrote the book The Promise of American Life in 1909, defining progressivism and liberalism from his day through to the modern progressive/liberal movement. His key elements of progressivism/liberalism, which completely align with fascism:

  1. “Mobilize society like an army
  2. Call for spiritual rebirth
  3. Need for “great” revolutionary leaders
  4. Reliance on manufactured, unifying, national “myths”
  5. Contempt for parliamentary democracy
  6. Non-Marxist Socialism
  7. Nationalism
  8. Spiritual calling for military expansion

9. The need to make politics into a religion
10. Hostility to individualism.”1

Sources:
1Liberal Fascism, Jonah Goldberg
2Dinesh DSouza Glen Beck Interview
3The Big Lie, Dinesh DSouza
4The Doctrine of Fascism, Benito Mussolini
5The Faces of Janus, James Gregor
6Merriam-Websters Online

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